While the best juicers in the market have their own great ways in delivering nutrients or ease of use, some may provide added benefits. It can get very frustrating finding the right juicer for you so getting a basic understanding of the different types of juicers is important.
It is advisable to take time and do a bit of research on what type of juicer fits your lifestyle, and then you can begin looking at brands and price points that fit your budget.
We’ll help you understand the different types of juicers, their pros and cons, and some examples that might help you out.
First, let’s break down the types of juicers:
- Twin-gear (Triturating)
Centrifugal juicers are probably the most common and most popular type of juicer in the market because they have a wide array of options ranging from cheap ones to more expensive ones.
How does a centrifugal juicer works?
They are named for the way they work. They produce juice by using a cutting and spinning blade to chop up the produce, and then spinning them again at a very high speed (ranging from 6,500 up to 14,000 RPM or rotations per minute). Imagine how a washing machine spins very fast to wring out water from wet clothes. There is a basket with tiny holes where the juice passes through, while keeping the pulp separated. So it’s basically the cutting and spinning system which separates it from other types of juicing machines.
What are the disadvantages of a centrifugal juicer?
- There can only be so much extraction that can happen with your produce from the fast spinning gears, making it less efficient at extracting juice compared to other types of juicers.
- The rapid cutting and spinning also creates much heat and friction which results to oxidation of the fresh juice, degrading not just the taste but also the quality of nutrients
- Not the best vegetable juicer. The fast chopping and spinning technology makes it less effective on greens such as spinach and kale because they have very low water content.
- You have to drink the juice immediately because of the nutrient oxidation
Different types of centrifugal juicers
Basic Centrifugal Juicer
The extracted juice comes out of the spout or juice container but the pulp remains inside the shredding disc. You need to stop the juicer once in a while to ‘de-clog’ the blades from the pulp. They’re usually entry-level juicers and costs the cheapest.
Wide-mouth Centrifugal Juicer
These centrifugal juicer models have chutes that are as wide as 3-5 inches, allowing larger produce to fit like whole apples, oranges, and vegetables which greatly reduces prep time.
Pulp-ejecting Centrifugal Juicer
These juicers usually extend to over a foot. When juicing, the pulp is automatically collected through a container or a pulp bin as the juice flows through a different mouth.
Price point of centrifugal juicers
Cheapest centrifugal juicer can be as low as $50 and as the higher-grade ones can be as pricey as under $1000. Commercial juicers can go high as $5000.
Brands that carry centrifugal juicer models:
BUY THIS IS IF: You’re a beginner who doesn’t really juice often, and is on a budget. This is affordable and easy to use.
Masticating juicers are somewhat new to the juicing world. They use a single gear, usually an auger that pounds the produce into a pulp to release juice.
How does a masticating juicer work?
A masticating juicer usually has a chute where the chopped produce is put in, it goes down and is pulverised and grounded by a slow rotating auger that basically pounds it to a pulp, slowly releasing the juice through an opening, while separating the pulp from a different mouth.
This process is deemed highly effective in breaking down hard and fibrous cell walls of produce which in turn produces higher juice yield and dry pulp (though can’t say the same for sticky fruits like mango, strawberry, and dragon fruit).
Running at a lower speed compared to centrifugal juicers (as low as 60 rotations per minute), it takes longer to produce juice. However, this slower pace also produces little-to-no-heat which helps in minimizing oxidation – which preserves nutrients more.
What are the advantages of a masticating juicer?
- Ideal juicing machine for greens and fibrous produce such as spinach, kale, and even wheat grass.
- Juicer with higher juice yield because of the slow process allowing for more juice to be extracted.
- Minimal oxidation because it doesn’t produce much heat during the juicing process compared to centrifugal juicers.
- Some masticating juicers are multi-purpose, with some able to make nut butters, baby food, ground meat.
- Minimal froth and foam because little heat is introduced in the juicing process.
What are some disadvantages?
- Usually costlier than centrifugal juicers. Price range of masticating juicers are between $150 to $450.
- It takes more time to extract juice due to it’s mechanism.
- A juicing machine that requires more prep because of a smaller feed chute. You have to chop up fruits and vegetables so it can fit through usually a one-inch wide chute. Hard pits should also be removed as it might jam the auger.
- Hard to clean parts because you need to disassemble after juicing and remove the auger.
- Some sticky produce tends to jam the auger and can cause overflow
Different types of masticating juicers
Horizontal single auger – the auger is set on a horizontal pattern next to the motor. When you put produce in, the auger crushes it to a pulp and allows juice to drip at the container below. Excess pulp is ejected perpendicularly.
Vertical single auger – it works similar to the horizontal single auger. The only difference is that the auger is positioned vertically, so the juicer is made to be taller.
Brands that carry masticating juicer models: Aicok, Homgeek, Doctor Hetzner, Omega, KOIOS, Tiluxury, SKG, Willsence
COLD PRESS JUICERS
Usually commercial, there are now at-home cold-press juicers in the market. Although they are relatively limited and a bit pricey, they unequivocally produce the best quality juices. They are juicing machines that do not use blades or grinders to extract juice.
How does a cold-press juicer work?
A cold-press juicer is simple to understand. It uses a press to extract juice from the produce without the help of shredders, grinders, blades, and augers.
This process introduces little-to-no- heat, hence the term ‘cold’. A lot of juicers claim they are cold-press but if they’re not using press and the process introduces heat, it is not cold-press.
A hydraulic press consisting of two steel plates, clamps down on the produce and flattens it to a dry pulp through extreme force (some models exert up to 10 tons). The pressure releases more juice than any juicing process. And not just that, cold-press juice is the most nutritious and smoothest type of juice.Considered by most as the most efficient juicer in terms of juice yield and quality, cold-press juice can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 3 days.
What are the advantages of a cold-press juicer?
- Cold-press juicers don’t use spinning blades or grinders to produce juice, so no heat is introduced in the process. Vital enzymes and nutrients are preserved because cold-press juicing doesn’t disturb the cellular structure of the produce.
- The hydraulic presses do a great job of extracting most drop of juice (and nutrients) from the fibrous cell walls of the produce so nutrients are easily absorbed by the body.
- If you’re juicing to keep a daily healthy habit, cold-press juicers will save you money in the long run because you can juice a lot form less produce.
- Cold-press juice is smooth and does not separate because it doesn’t chop the produce. It also has little to no froth and foam.
Disadvantages of a cold-press juicing machine
- Relatively more expensive compared to other types of juicers.
- Usually bulky and heavy in size because of the hydraulic presses inside the machine.
- Not a good juicer for greens such as spinach, kale, and wheat grass. A workaround here is to mix greens with more high water content produce such as apples, pears, and celery.
Brands that carry cold-press juicer models:
TWIN-GEAR (TRITURATING) JUICERS
Twin gear juicers are considered by many as the cream-of-the-crop among the mainstream juicing machines of today. Some even consider masticating juicers and twin gear juicers as identical juicing machines, this is only partially true.
How does a twin gear or triturating juicer work?
A twin gear juicer works by having two interlocking rolling gears press the fresh produce between them while they rotate inwards. Crushing everything between them into a pulp. There are two phases in a twin gear juicing process.
First, the produce is ‘triturated’ (ground, pounded, crushed) between the rolling gears. Then, a dual gear juicer extracts the juice out of the pulp.
It introduces little to no heat like masticating juicers, maximizing nutrition content at the highest possible level.
What are the advantages of a twin gear juicer?
- Juicing with a twin gear juicing machine is done at very low temperature, hence, saving the nutrition content and preserved at the highest level.
- Twin gear juicers operate at very low speed of about 80-160 RPMs. This means there is less oxidation and produces less froth and foam.
- You can store juice from twin gear juicers for to 2-3 days without losing vital substances because of the low aeration.
- You can juice almost all types of produce with a twin gear juicing machine.
- Can be considered as the best vegetable juicer because it can juice a wide array of fruits and vegetables.
What are the disadvantages of a twin gear juicer?
- Twin gear juicers’ price point is quite expensive.
- Its mechanism allows only slow juicing process
- The built of a twin gear juicer is usually big and heavy.
- Twin gear juicers are not easy to clean. You have to disassemble the parts and remove the rollers before rinsing them clean.
Price point of twin gear juicers
The cheapest twin gear juicer is priced $350 on Amazon, while the most expensive is at $3065.
Brands that carry twin gear juicer models:
BUY THIS IF: You are a juicer that cares about maximum nutrient from a wide range of produce and if you are willing to shell out thousands of dollars for a juicing machine.